General information

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Geographical position


The Nizhny Novgorod Region is one of the largest regions of Russia, located in the central part of the East European Plain. It is part of the Volga Federal District, whose administrative center is Nizhny Novgorod.

Distance from Nizhny Novgorod to Moscow:
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climate

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The climate in the Nizhny Novgorod Region is moderately continental

All seasons are prominent in the region.
  • Winter is long (lasts 6 months)
  • Summer is relatively short and moderately warm

The average temperature in the region: -12 °C in January, +19 °C in July.
The average annual precipitation in the region - 500 mm.

POPULATION

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The population of the Nizhny Novgorod Region:
3.1 million people

the 4th place in the Volga Federal District

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The population of Nizhny Novgorod:
1.2 million people

the 6th place by population in Russia

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The density of population:
40.2 people per sq. km
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The share of urban population:
80%
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The life expectancy:
71.5 years:
  • men - 65.6 year
  • women - 77.2 year
ADMINISTRATIVE AND TERRITORIAL STRUCTURE

Nizhny Novgorod Region includes 51 municipal districts, among them are 15 urban and 36 municipal districts.
The administrative center of the region is Nizhny Novgorod.

 

The largest cities in the region:

ETHNIC STRUCTURE

 

The Nizhny Novgorod Region is a multi-ethnic region, where representatives of more than 120 people and ethnic groups live (according to the 2020 census).

 

Ethnic breakdown of nizhniy novgorod region/
  • Russians – 96.5%

  • Tatars – 1.1%

  • Mordovians – 0.3%

  • Chuvash – 0.2%

  • Mari – 0.1%

  • Other – 1.9%

The Nizhny Novgorod region is characterized by a multiconfessional population. 814 religious organizations are registered in the Nizhny Novgorod Region.

Religious organization/
  • Orthodoxy – 640 units

  • Islam – 56 units

  • Old belief – 12 units

  • Judaism – 2 units

  • Catholicism – 1 units

  • Other – 103 units

Natural resources

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The total forest area in the Nizhny Novgorod Region is 4 million ha (52% of the region’s total area).
Coniferous and broad-leaved, as well as mixed forests grow in the region. The Kerzhensky State Natural Biosphere Reserve is located in the region, as well as more than 400 specially protected natural territories with a total area of 482.9 hectares.

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The Nizhny Novgorod Region is rich in minerals. On its territory there are deposits of such resources as:

  • Iron ores
  • Titanium and zirconium ores (“black sands”)
  • Peat and sapropel
  • Loams
  • Other
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The fauna of the Nizhny Novgorod Region is diverse. On its territory there are a number of animals listed the Red Book of Russia, including 31 species of mammals and 75 species of birds.

SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT INDICATORS

GRP GROWTH RATES (BILLION RUBLES)
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The gross regional product of the Nizhny Novgorod region is growing annually

In 2021, the gross regional product amounted to RUB 1,888.1 billion

The Nizhny Novgorod Region is one of the 15th largest economies in Russia

INDUSTRIAL OUTPUT
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The industrial production index in 2022 – 101.3% (in Russia – 100.6%)
INDUSTRY STRUCTURE
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  • Manufacturing enterprises – 90.5%

  • Provision of electric energy, gas and steam; air conditioning – 6.7%

  • Water supply; water disposal, organization of waste collection and disposal, pollution elimination – 2.5%

  • Mining of natural resources – 0.3%
MANUFACTURING OUTPUT
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Top 10 in Russia by industrial production volumes
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By sales volume of manufacturing enterprises products, the Nizhny Novgorod Region is:
– the 2rd in the Volga Federal District
– the 9th among all Russian regions.

KEY BUSINESSES

 

The industrial potential of the Nizhny Novgorod Region is made up of the largest enterprises in the automotive, engineering, metallurgy, chemistry and petrochemistry, defense and nuclear industries.

 

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  • Gorky Automobile Plant

  • Pavlovo Bus Factory

  • Sokol Aircraft Plant

  • Krasnoye Sormovo Shipbuilding Plant

  • Vyksa Metallurgical Plant

  • Nizhny Novgorod Engineering Plant

  • Arzamas Instrument-Making Plant

  • Hydromash

  • Ya.M. Sverdlov Plant

  • SIBUR-Neftekhim

  • Lukoil-Nefteorgsintez

  

THE NIZHNY NOVGOROD REGION’S INDUSTRY IN THE TOTAL RUSSIAN PRODUCTION

 

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Buses with a max weight of no more
than 5 tons
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Trucks
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PVC
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Steel pipes
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Newsprint
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Еthylene
INVESTMENT
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The volume of investment in fixed assets in 2022 – RUB 462.1 billion (3rd place in the Volga Federal District)

The index of the physical volume of investments in fixed assets amounted to 100.9% compared to the level of 2021
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The volume of foreign direct investment in 2021 – US $ 812 million

By the volume of foreign direct investment, the Nizhny Novgorod Region is the 2nd and the 19th among all Russian regions
ACCESS TO HUMAN RESOURCES
Resource centers/
Top 5 regions of Russia in terms of educational potential

20,000 university graduates annually

74 professional and about 100 research organizations

15,000 ready qualified professionals for enterprises annually
QUALITY OF LIFE

Nizhny Novgorod takes 1st place in Russia in terms of quality of life – 2023 (according to the Numbeo international research portal)

 

The average monthly wage in 2022 – RUB 48,368 per month (5th place in the Volga Federal District)

 

In 2022, the level of officially registered unemployment in the Nizhny Novgorod Region is 0.42% 

 

The minimum wage in 2023 is RUB 13,085

  

Building

In 2022, the volume of construction work was RUB 310.4 billion (2nd place in the Volga Federal District)

 

7,337 buildings with 18,261 comfortable apartments constructed with a total area of nearly 1.7 million sq. m (the 5th place by the commissioned housing in the Volga Federal District)

 

The volume of housing construction in 2022 vs. the previous year is 107%   

 

 

TRADE AND SERVICES
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In 2022, retail trade turnover amounted to RUB 971.2 billion (the 3rd place  in the Volga Federal District and 9th place in Russia)

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The volume of paid services to the people amounted to RUB 237.0 billion (the 3rd place in the Volga Federal District and 10th place in Russia)

    

RATINGS

AT THE END OF 2023, THE NIZHNY NOVGOROD REGION OCCUPIES THE FOLLOWING POSITIONS
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National Rating Agency

Investment attractiveness rating – “IC 3” (“high level of investment attractiveness”)

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Expert RA

The Nizhny Novgorod Region was awarded the ruA+ rating ("moderately high level of creditworthiness/financial reliability/financial stability compared to other rating objects in the Russian Federation") with a stable outlook

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RIA rating

6th place in the rating of Russian regions (out of 85)

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RIA rating

14th place in the rating of Russian regions (out of 85) by the quality of life

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Nizhny Novgorod was recognized as the most comfortable city for living in Russia (the 97th place in the world rating “Quality of Life Index - 2024”, Moscow takes the 143th position, St. Petersburg – the 161th position)


RATINGS OF 2022

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ASI National Rating

3rd place in the National rating of investment climate in Russia

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National Rating Agency

Investment attractiveness rating – “IC 3” (“high level of investment attractiveness”)

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Expert RA

The Nizhny Novgorod Region was awarded the ruA rating ("moderately high level of creditworthiness/financial reliability/financial stability compared to other rating objects in the Russian Federation") with a stable outlook

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RIA rating

12th place in the rating of Russian regions (out of 85) by the quality of life

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RIA rating

13th place in the rating of Russian regions (out of 85) by the socio-economic situation

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ASI Quality of Life Rating
Nizhny Novgorod region is one of the top 20 regions by the quality of life
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Numbeo International Statistical Database

Nizhny Novgorod was recognized as the most comfortable city for living in Russia (the 126th place in the world rating “Quality of Life Index - 2023”, Moscow takes the 195th position, St. Petersburg – the 205th position)

RATINGS OF 2021

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ASI National Rating

5th place in the National rating of investment climate in Russia

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National Rating Agency

Investment attractiveness rating – “IC 3” (“high level of investment attractiveness”)

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Expert RA

The Nizhny Novgorod Region was awarded the ruA rating ("moderately high level of creditworthiness/financial reliability/financial stability compared to other rating objects in the Russian Federation") with a stable outlook

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RIA rating

10th place in the rating of Russian regions (out of 85) by the quality of life

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RIA rating

15th place in the rating of Russian regions (out of 85) by the quality of life

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ASI Quality of Life Rating
13th place in the rating of Russian regions by the quality of life
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Numbeo International Statistical Database

Nizhny Novgorod was recognized as the most comfortable city for living in Russia (the 151st place in the world rating “Quality of Life Index - 2021”, Moscow takes the 211th position, St. Petersburg – the 215th position)

RATINGS OF 2020

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ASI National Rating

6th place in the National rating of investment climate in Russia

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RBC rating

Top 10 regions of Russia for quality of life

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RAEX (RAEX-Analytics)

Top 10 regions with the maximum investment potential

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RAEX (RAEX-Analytics)

Rating of the region’s investment climate – 2A (“medium potential” and “minimal risk”)

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National Rating Agency

Investment attractiveness rating – “IC 3” (“high level of investment attractiveness”)

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Fitch Ratings

Long-term rating in national and foreign currencies – “BB” with a stable outlook

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Moody's Investors Service

Long-term international rating in national currency – “Ba2” with a stable outlook

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RIA rating

13th place in the rating of Russian regions (out of 85) by the quality of life

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Numbeo International Statistical Database

Nizhny Novgorod was recognized as the most comfortable city for living in Russia (the 136rd place in the world rating “Quality of Life Index - 2020”, St. Petersburg takes the 187th position, Moscow – the 194th position)